Definition: The past perfect tense shows actions or events that began and ended in the past before something else happened. To use this form, combine “had” + past participle (verb + “ed” or irregular past tense verbs).
Definition in Hindi For Indian Users:
पहचान: इन वाक्यों के अंत में आ था /ई थी /ऐ थे /चुका था /चुकी थी/चुके थे आता है।
जैसे: Sub ने ऐसा… किया था /कर लिया था /कर दिया था / Sub ऐसा कर चुका था।
राम जा चुका था।
वे खेलने जा चुके थे।
सीता पढने जा चुकी थी।
राम ने खाना खा लिया था।
सीता ने पेड़ों मैं पानी डाल दिया था।
There Are Two Common Uses For The Past Perfect Tense:
1. An action started and completed in the past before another past action. The second action is also a past action, but the past perfect tense is used only for the action which happened first.
>We HAD CARRIED our suitcases upstairs before we realized we were at the wrong hotel.
>HAD you LOST your keys yet when you called me last night?
2. An action that was occurring over a period of time, but ended before another past action. It signifies that the first action had to end for the second action to happen. This does not apply to continuous verbs.
>She HAD STUDIED medicine for 8 years before she graduated in 2008.
>HAD you STOPPED the car before you put it into neutral gear?
Rule For How To Make Tense:
If Sub=I, You, Singular(एकवचन) or Plural(बहुवचन) (Same rule for all subjects)
1. Sub+had+Verb 3rd form
2. Sub+hadn’t+Verb 3rd form
3. How+had+Sub+Verb 3rd form
4. Why+hadn’t+Sub+Verb 3rd form
She had written the lyric.
The children had reached market.
The teacher had taught French.
I had informed him everything.
She had proved her honesty.
She had not got so much cold before.
They had not submitted their applications.
The government had not been kind to the citizen.
I had not felt so hungry.
It had not rained for two years.
Had you had your dinner?
Had she withdrawn her money?
Why had they left the city?
Why had you been there?
What had they decided by then?
Example In Hindi And English :
1. Affirmative sentence Example :
लड़का एक गाना गा चूका था।
The boy had sung a song.
वायुयान उड़ने से पहले तुम हवाई अड्डा पहुंच चुके थे।
You had reached the airport before the aeroplane overtake.
हम अमेरिका चले गए थे।
We had gone to America.
वह खाना खा चूका था।
He had taken meal.
हम इस तरह के सवाल पहले हल कर चुके थे।
We had solved such sums before.
सूर्य अस्त हो चुका था।
The sun had set.
हम अपना कार्य समाप्त कर चुके थे।
We had finished our work.
वर्षा बंद हो चुकी थी।
It had stopped raining.
मैं एक पत्र लिख चूका था।
I had written a letter.
2. Negative Sentence Example :
मैंने यह खेल पहले कभी नहीं खेला था।
I had never play this game before.
नेता हड़ताल समाप्त नहीं कर चुके थे।
The leaders had not called off their strike.
तुम्हारी परीक्षा समाप्त नहीं हुई थी।
Your examination had not ended.
वह सभी संबंध नहीं तोड़ चुकी थी।
She had not broken all relations.
मैं पहले कभी दिल्ली नहीं गई थी।
I had never gone to Delhi.
वह अपनी पत्नी को तलाक नहीं दे चूका था।
He had not divorced his wife.
मैं उसके काम को समाप्त नहीं कर चूका था।
I had not finished his work.
उसने पहले कभी ऐसा व्यवहार नहीं किया था।
He had never behaved in this manner before.
3. Interrogative Sentence Example :
क्या वह उसके प्रश्नों का उत्तर दे चूका था?
Had he answered his question?
क्या तुम निश्चित समय पर नहीं पहुंच चुके थे?
Had you reached the appointed time?
क्या हम उसे पैसे नहीं दे चुके थे?
Had we not paid him money?
क्या वह रेस जीत चुकी थी?
Had she won the race?
क्या हम गणतंत्र दिवस नहीं मना चुके थे?
Had we not celebrated the Rebublic Day?
क्या अपराधी पुलिस के आने से पहले भाग नहीं चुकी थी?
Had the criminal not run before the police came?
क्या तुम जज से मिल चुकी थीं?
Had you seen the zuj?